Although Mykonos is much larger than Delos, its archaeology is less significant than its famous neighbour. The island was inhabited from the Final Neolithic, before Delos. At this time a settlement was established at the site of Phtelia at the bay of Panormos. Other sites on the island attest to its occupation during the Early and Middle Cycladic periods. One the first main archaeological monuments dates to the Mycenaean period, a tholos tomb at Aggelika near the Chora. After a period of desertion (?) Mykonos became known as "dipolis" in the Archaic period, though still with scarce archaeological evidence the Chora-Kastro and Paliokastro). An important find is a monumental relief pithos of the seventh century BC, depicting the fall of Troy. It was found inside the modern town of Chora and was used as a burial urn, thus pinpointing the location of one of the necropoleis of the ancient town which was located in the area of the present Kastro.
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